Agemasu & Moraimasu  

Agemasu (Give) & Moraimasu (Take / Receive)

Give a pen
Pen o (ageru)agemasu (Normal Form)
Pen o sashi agemasu (Polite Form)
Tony has given a pen to Michael – Toni san wa, Maikeru san ni pen o agemashita

Receive a pen
Pen o (morau)moraimasu (Normal Form)
Pen o kuremasu (Impolite Form)
Pen o itadakimasu (Polite Form)
Michael has received a pen from Tony – Maikeru san wa Toni san kara(ni) pen o moraimashita

Polite form is normally use when you are giving or receiving something to / from someone who you should respect (ie. Teacher, Boss, etc)

koto ga dekimasu – Can do something  

Today I will cover the use of “koto ga dekimasu” which means “can do something”.

Example
Can speak Japanese – Nihongo o hanasu koto ga dekimasu
Cannot speak Japanese – Nihongo wa hanasu koto ga dekimasen
Meaning : Hanasu (Speak)

The verb shall be the original form (third sound) and it has to be placed just before the “koto ga…”. In the example above “hanasu” (sa shi su se so).

Another Example
Q : Can you make Japanese food? – Nihon ryōri o tsukuru kota ga dekimasu ka?
A : Yes, I can make Japanese food – Hai, nihon ryōri o tsukuru koto ga dekimasu
A : No, I cannot make Japanese food – Iie, nihon ryōri wa tsukuru koto ga dekimasen
Meaning : Ryōri (Food), Tsukuru (Make)

It’s easy. Go on, practise it and you should be able to master the usage in a short time.

Conversation  

Conversation 1
Q : Where are you going? – Doko, iku no?
A : Shibuya – Shibuya
Q : Shopping? – Kaimono?
A : No, metting friends – Uun, tomodachi ni au no
Meaning : Doko (Where), Shibuya (A place located in Tokyo), Kaimono (Shopping)

Conversation 2
Q : It’s crowded, can you see anything? – (Komu)Konde iru wa ne. Mieru?
A : No, I don’t see clearly – Uun, amari yoku mienai wa
Meaning : Komu (Crowd), Mieru (Can See), Amari (Not so)

Conversation 3
Q : Did you read the notice board today? – Kyō no keijiban, mita?
A : No, Still not yet? – Uun, mada dakedo
Q : It’s for the recruitment of partime workers? – Arubaito no boshū ga (kaku)kaite atta yo
A : Oh, So let me go and have a look? – Sō. Jaa, mitekuru yo
Meaning : Keijiban (Notice Board), Dakedo (Anyway / However), Arubaito (Part Time Job), Boshū (Recruitment)

Conversation 4
Q : Sleepy. I woke up at around 2 o’clock yesterday – Nemui wa. Kinō mo 2 ji goro made (okiru)okiteta
A : What have you done? – Nani (suru)shiteta no?
Q : Writing a letter to friend – Tomodachi ni, tegami (kaku)kaiteta
A : Posted already? – - Mō (dasu)dashita?
Q : No, I haven’t buy a stamp yet – Uun, mada kitte kattenai yo
Meaning : Nemui (Sleepy), Okiru (Wake Up), Kitte (Stamp), Dasu (Send / Issue)

Friend’s Conversation using Verbs  

All this while, we have learned the usage of Verbs in polite form (ie. Nomimasu (Drink), etc). Today I will show you how to use verbs for social conversation (friend’s conversation)

Do you want to drink coffee
Ko-hi- o nomimasu ka? (Polite Form)
Ko-hi-, nomu? (Social Form)

Yes, I want coffee
Hai, Ko-hi- o nomimasu (Polite Form)
Un, nomu yo (Social Form)

Other examples
Q : Wanna cake? – Ke-ki, taberu?
A : Ya, sure – Un, taberu (yo) / (wa)
Q : Wanna tea? – Ocha, nomu
A : Nope, don’t want – Uun, nomanai (yo) / (wa)

The “yo”(for male) & “wa”(for female) is optional. “yo” & “wa” is only an expression.

Past Tense
Q : Did you drink fruit juice? – Kajū, nonda?
A : Ya, drank – Un, nonda (yo) / (wa)
Q : Drank Beer – Bi-ru, nonda?
A : Nope, I did not – Uun, nomanakatta (yo) / (wa)

Other Verbs

 
English
Meet
Write
Swim
Talk / Speak
Type
Carry
Teach
Drink
Sell

Special Verbs
See / Watch
Come
Go

 
Present Tense
Au
Kaku
Oyogu
Hanasu
Utsu
Hakobu
Oshieru
Nomu
Uru

Special Verbs
Miru
Kuru
Iku

 
Past Tense
Atta
Kaita
Oyoida
Hanashita
Utta
Hakonda
Oshieta
Nonda
Utta

Special Verbs
Mita
Kita
Itta

As shown above, the conversation is mainly depends on the last Hiragana character used. Read carefully and you will definately be able to master it. If you are not sure how to convert certain verb, please feel free to ask.

~te arimasu  

I will cover the use of “~te arimasu” today. You should refer to my other lessons on “~te xxx”. This lesson ill be the end of Level 2 and I am going to start Level 3 Japanese Lesson in my next post.

“~te arimasu” means “something has been done” but past tense will not be used for this case.

Example
The window is closed – Mado ga (shimeru)shimete arimasu
The door is opened – Doa ga (akeru)akete arimasu
The pen is placed on the table – Pen ga teburu no ue ni (oku)oite arimasu
My name is written in the book – Hon ni namae ga (kaku)kaite arimasu

Stay Tune for Level 3 with more interesting lessons.