This will be the final lesson for Level 3. I will cover other words / sentences related to this level. Next , I will post some conversations on what we have learned in this level before I proceed to Level 4. So,Stay Tune!!!

Q : Who is the person wearing spectacles? – Megane o kakete iru no wa dare desu ka?
A : The person who is wearing spectacles is Tony – Megane o kakete iru no wa toni desu.

If you are refering to human, you can also use “hito wa” instead of “no wa”. As you know, “no” means “belongs to” so with the conbination of “no” & “wa”, it will becomes “referring to something / someone”. Of course, “no wa” can be used for things as well. For example : Hako ni haite aru no wa nan desu ka? (What is in the box?).

Remember that when you are referring to living things (ie. humans, animals), always use “iru” after the “~te” form and “aru” for non-living things.


Q : How to say [Arigatō] in english? – [Arigatō] wa eigo de nan to (iu)iimasu ka?
A : In english, [Arigatō] is [Thank You] – [Arigatō] wa eigo de [Thank You] to iimasu

“nan to” is used for refering to “How to (say something)”. This is usually use when you are asking someone to translate from one language to another. You can also use Read (Yomu) by asking : Kono kanji wa nan do yomimasu ka? (How do read this kanji?). You can add in some extra into this sentence in a more polite manner. Example :

Q : Do you know how to say [Arigatō] in english? – [Arigatō] wa eigo de nan to iu ka shite imasu ka?
A : Yes, I know. In english, [Arigatō] is [Thank You] – Hai, shirimasu. [Arigatō] wa eigo de [Thank You] to iimasu

There’s another usage for asking “what should you say in the morning” (Asa no toki ni, nan to iimasu ka?). The reply will be something like : Asa no toki ni, [Ohayō Gozaimasu] to iimasu (I should say [Good Morning] in the morning)

Hope this is not confusing you.